GPU Management and Monitoring

The nvidia-smi command provided by NVIDIA can be used to manage and monitor GPUs enabled Compute Nodes. In conjunction with the xCAT``xdsh`` command, you can easily manage and monitor the entire set of GPU enabled Compute Nodes remotely from the Management Node.


# xdsh <noderange> "nvidia-smi -i 0 --query-gpu=name,serial,uuid --format=csv,noheader"
node01: Tesla K80, 0322415075970, GPU-b4f79b83-c282-4409-a0e8-0da3e06a13c3


The following commands are provided as convenience. Always consult the nvidia-smi manpage for the latest supported functions.


Some useful nvidia-smi example commands for management.

  • Set persistence mode, When persistence mode is enabled the NVIDIA driver remains loaded even when no active clients, DISABLED by default:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 -pm 1
  • Disabled ECC support for GPU. Toggle ECC support, A flag that indicates whether ECC support is enabled, need to use –query-gpu=ecc.mode.pending to check [Reboot required]:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 -e 0
  • Reset the ECC volatile/aggregate error counters for the target GPUs:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 -p 0/1
  • Set MODE for compute applications, query with –query-gpu=compute_mode:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 -c 0/1/2/3
  • Trigger reset of the GPU

    nvidia-smi -i 0 -r
  • Enable or disable Accounting Mode, statistics can be calculated for each compute process running on the GPU, query with -query-gpu=accounting.mode:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 -am 0/1
  • Specifies maximum power management limit in watts, query with –query-gpu=power.limit

    nvidia-smi -i 0 -pl 200


Some useful nvidia-smi example commands for monitoring.

  • The number of NVIDIA GPUs in the system

    nvidia-smi --query-gpu=count --format=csv,noheader
  • The version of the installed NVIDIA display driver

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --query-gpu=driver_version --format=csv,noheader
  • The BIOS of the GPU board

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --query-gpu=vbios_version --format=csv,noheader
  • Product name, serial number and UUID of the GPU:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --query-gpu=name,serial,uuid --format=csv,noheader
  • Fan speed:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --query-gpu=fan.speed --format=csv,noheader
  • The compute mode flag indicates whether individual or multiple compute applications may run on the GPU. (known as exclusivity modes)

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --query-gpu=compute_mode --format=csv,noheader
  • Percent of time over the past sample period during which one or more kernels was executing on the GPU:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --query-gpu=utilization.gpu --format=csv,noheader
  • Total errors detected across entire chip. Sum of device_memory, register_file, l1_cache, l2_cache and texture_memory

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --format=csv,noheader
  • Core GPU temperature, in degrees C:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --query-gpu=temperature.gpu --format=csv,noheader
  • The ECC mode that the GPU is currently operating under:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --query-gpu=ecc.mode.current --format=csv,noheader
  • The power management status:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --format=csv,noheader
  • The last measured power draw for the entire board, in watts:

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --query-gpu=power.draw --format=csv,noheader
  • The minimum and maximum value in watts that power limit can be set to

    nvidia-smi -i 0 --query-gpu=power.min_limit,power.max_limit --format=csv